Round up of Campana Iconography

I’m mostly interested in how the plaques can help us better understand the material world of the late republic, so the themes below are architecture, statues, rituals, spectacles, etc… But also a little of the iconography of gods that appear on coins.

Parade Scene Plaque ; very similar; fragment of similar

Signed Circus plaque

Circus scene: two facing quadriga, monument in middle

Hunt scene set in circus or forum ; similar depiction of spectators but details different; another full scene but almost mirror image of first ;

Theatre scene: 3 actors ; fragmentary version

armor metopes: curaiss, cross oval and square shields; another but with Macedonian shield

prisoner parade

Colonade: two herms, two urns, boxer statue; another very similar; colonade and pediment: four athlete statues flanking a statue of Hercules; colonade: two urns and hercules statue; colonade with pediment: three athletes, one or two herms, vessel and basin on pedestal

trophy with square shield

Gallic trophy and prisoner(s?) (signed)

fragment of a scene with statue (Athena?) on column and building (round shrine?) in background

boar and foot fragment

round shrine (tholos with spiral columns and metope frieze; a more complete version but with less detail in execution of architecture; similar to last; nilotic scene with spiral columns, spiral column fragment; another spiral column; and another; and another; and another; still another;

fragment of architectural detail containing volute capital

fragment with bear

Cupid next to prize table with Archaic female statue, cock beneath

Mars, Apollo and a bird perhaps a raven, reminds me of earlier blog posts about mars and birds ; perhaps also something about Augury? (Louvre) Notice also Mars is youthful with flowing hair (another very similar plaque)
Mars, Jupiter, Hera, Minerva. Notice youthful representation of Mars and his hair. (Louvre)
Column? Head? Female? Youthful male? Athena? Roma? Mars? Definitely Phrygian helemet. Draped pole. Mast? or curtain rod? Man’s face in profile. Is he tied to the mast? (link)
The left hand statue in Hermes/Mercury with caduceus in right hand and likely a purse in the left. The figure on the globe is confusing, maybe a draped herm? perhaps of Hercules with lion skin. I can’t tell what the object is to the right of the globe is… Offering table? Something else? (Louvre)
triumphal arch, perhaps Augustus’? But not a great match for any numismatic representations (Louvre)
RRC 1.2 Aug 359
RIC 1.2 Aug 135
The cow suit! Pasiphae and Daedaleus! Another version maybe just differently restored?!

Odysseus’ Return

Louvre Campana Plaque (relief)

Eumenes, Argos, Ulysesses, Eurecleia

I digitally recombined the photos to may the scene easier to read. Ulysses silences his old nurse as she recognizes him. There is a better preserved but worse photographed copy in the BM.

This other Louvre plaque has different boarder so likely from a different series. I wonder if the Odysseus fragment is original or a restoration.

Some Sirens (Louvre)

When Silenus does not mean Silanus

I came across this other specimen in the Yale collection while browsing there for another reason and it’s attribution in that catalogue got me curious. I then found a handful in the ANS with a different attribution. The CNG cataloguing of this above 2021 specimen gave some good context. Basically I just want to keep this as an object lesson on how iconography cannot compete with hoard evidence.

Funding for Faculty

an incomplete list mostly for my own use

Institute for Advanced Study, School of History (Princeton) – October 15 Deadline

Residential, salary replacement up to 39-78k, half or full year, no letters of reference required for those 10 years out from PhD!

Rome Prize (American Academy in Rome) – Nov 1 Deadline

residential, 15-30k plus housing, family friendly, 1/2 years and full years

ARIT (Ankara for ancient studies) – Nov 1 Deadline

residential, 4-12 months, 5k per month

Loeb Classical Library Fellowship – Nov 6 Deadline

non-residential, 1-40k

NEH public scholar book grant – Nov 15 Deadline

non-residential, 30-60k – can be be held with other awards, writing sample must be in the style of proposed book, if not actual sample chapter, letter of interest/intent from publisher recommended

ISAW – Nov 20

Center for Hellenic Studies (DC) – Dec 1 Deadline

residential, 5-40k plus housing, travel costs, one month, one semester, or full year options (not clear about partners/kids, must ask)

ANAMED (Istanbul) – Dec 15 Deadline

residential, covers local cost of living for singles and couples, but not families, some travel and research funds, 1/2 year for senior scholars, full year everyone

Berlin Museums – Dec 30 Deadline

residential, 1-3 months, 1200 euro stipend per month plus 500 euro for travel

Tytus Fellowship (Cincinnati) – March 15 Deadline

residential, $1500 a month plus housing, (not clear about partners/kids, must ask)

NEH Fellowship – April 15 Deadline

non-residential, 6-12 months max award: $60,000 ($5,000 per month) project can start in January, need not start with academic year (only about 7% of apps are funded)

Fulbright Awards

Start planning in Spring as lots of steps, Deadline in the Aug 15 to Sept 15 range typically

Guggenheim Fellowship – Mid September Deadline

Berlin Prize (AAD) – End of Sept

residential, 5k per month, plus housing, family friendly,

ICS fellowships are currently suspended but will likely resume in future (residential London)

Mars, not Roma (again)

RRC 469/1

I was looking up Mars in the index of Woytek’s Arma and Numma to make sure I hadn’t missed something on the reverse of 494/16. (I was tweeting about this latter type yesterday, wondering if it’s Mars was at all related to the testimony of the vowing of a temple to Mars Ultor on the eve of the battle of Philippi, Suet. Aug. 29.2; Ov. Fast. V.569‑578). What I found instead was his ID of the above obverse as Mars not Roma, and I could not agree more.

Mars not Roma was blind spot for Crawford. I’ve blogged about other misidentified types and Woytek’s conclusion only strengthens my views.

Relevant types

RRC 345/1Blog post

RRC 388/1Blog post with comparative iconography

RRC 14/2Blog post (here Crawford saw Minerva, rather than Mars (or Roma).

RRC 21/2

RRC 25/5

RRC 27/6

Symbols of Cities and Leagues

This is my very bad snapshot of a slide designed by David Weidgenannt and included in his INC 2022 talk. His paper demonstrated that coins typically attributed to the Arkadian league should be attributed to Megalopolis and that the monogram of ARK seen on the coins is an ethic identifier not that of the league itself. (Can’t wait to read the published version).

This led to my talking more with him about Killen’s work Parasema: Offizielle Symbole griechischer Poleis und Bundesstaaten. (publisher’s link, ANS catalogue link). This blog post is really just a bibliographical reminder to myself to check out the book the next time I’m in the ANS. Seems an invaluable resource for political iconographic work on the Roman Republic.

Victory and the Bull

ANS example of RIC I Augustus 514

I wanted to juxtapose this coin with this terracotta plaque I saw yesterday the Altes Museum (Berlin)

Part of me wonders if the dating could be off and these plaques might possibly be part of the Augustan era classicizing/archaizing impetus.

Update 10/5/22:

Louvre has bull slaying scene too, but a different mold. Wierd how this one has the palmettes at the bottom.

The another plaque in this set also shares a similar iconography with other numismatic representations:

ANS specimen
RIC Hadrian 298

Minerva/Athena Promachos? Palladion? Your call.

Abdera specimen.

Updated 10-10-22:

Louvre. Note base this is a statue being worshipped