Social War Overstrike?!

Checking third proofs, esp. for legibility of images…. fig. 3.21 is HN Italy 407, Italia, 90–89 BCE, denarius, 3.97 grams, ANS 1944.100.873.

The image reproduction of the coin isn’t great (YET!) so I was looking to see if it could be improved in some way as the ANS images are exceptionally hi res. I noticed some funny features. Circled above. Red could just be the helmet and Blue could be damage, but …

I wanted to compare it to an image of the same coin struck by the same dies. Thanks Campana. But I cannot find an image quickly. Boo. So now I need to get back to the proofs.

Imitation with interesting punch marks

I find myself getting more interested in the punch marks / test punches / counter marks seen on some RR specimens. And this is just a fascinating article by Gazdac and colleagues. Can’t wait to see the full details of the hoard when that comes out. I’m especially interested in learning more about the methods used for the Metallurgical testing, particularly the investigation of pre existing ‘minute cracks’ though non-destructive techniques to compare surface and interior readings.

Funded MAs, Bridge Programs, and Pre-Doctoral Fellowships – Classics and related

This list was compiled with the help of many on twitter (special shout-out to Chris Thoms Bauer of Rutgers). Those marked in bold are specifically designed to help those from traditionally underrepresented backgrounds. Generally speaking these programs offer more learning, for less grunt work. Many MAs funded by teaching provide departments with cheap labor. Some do a great job of supporting rather than exploiting those students, but you should think hard about whether you can really live on the money they are offering and whether you can learn what you want to learn while engaging in the teaching they require. You will likely want to teach eventually, but doing so your very first semester of graduate studies is a big ask.

Additions and Corrections Welcome!

Humboldt Research Track Scholarship (Berlin) – Rolling deadlines! Provides funding and support for those preparing to apply to PhDs.

Yale Post-Bacc – Nov 1 to 28 Feb (earlier is better!) A stipend of $27,200 over 12 months for living expenses. Participants also receive financial support that covers tuition for one or more courses per semester during the academic year, health insurance, GRE preparation material provided by Kaplan Review, a new laptop computer, and travel-related expenses to attend one national conference.  Participants live in New Haven and use a portion of their stipend to cover housing and other living expenses.

Pre Doctoral Fellowship Princeton – November 15, Funding level(s) not on website.

Most Canadian departments facilitate Government Funding for MAs that have Dec 1 deadlines! (even if program deadline may be later) – Toronto, Victoria (but see details below under Feb !), McMaster, Western Ontario, Calgary, Queen’s, Waterloo, and Alberta. While these scholarships are typically for Canadian citizens is highly recommended to contact the department to discuss your individual circumstances regardless of citizenship status. – Information and encouragement to apply from Prof. Peter Miller of U Winnipeg via Twitter. He writes: “I am happy to talk with prospective students, especially those from outside the Canadian system. Since I am at an institution with no graduate program, I have no skin the game so to speak.”

Funded MAs at University of Colorado, Boulder – Dec 15 app deadline to be considered for Funding

some funding options for MAs at UToronto – Dec 15

Funded Bridge MA in Classics, U Michigan – Dec 15, two summers and two semesters of funding, with a summer matriculation (June 1). Funding level(s) not on website.

Funded (by teaching) MA at FSU – Dec 15, alum endorsed!

Funding (primarily via teaching?) MA at WashU (St. Louis) – Jan 1

Funded (by teaching) MA at Kansas – “early January” = Jan 1; Graduate Teaching Assistants pay no tuition, and they receive health benefits in addition to a stipend. The annual stipend is approximately $17,000. Additional scholarships and research positions are also available

Funded MA at U British Columbia (Canada) “early January” = Jan 1; typically 20 months funding, “Amounts vary, but we work to make it accessible for international students.” – Prof. Marshall via Twitter

Funded (primarily via teaching?) MA at UIUC – Jan 4; funding level not found on website; ideally 6 semesters of one language and 4 of the other, but some wiggle room. Endorsed by alum, Charlotte Hunt of Cornell

Funded (primarily via teaching?) MA at Notre Dame – Jan 15, every student we admit receives a full tuition waiver plus an annual stipend, which ranges from $12,500 to $17,300, but in some cases could reach up to $22,100, depending on teaching duties.  Note that the cost of living in South Bend is lower than in many urban areas (and yes, there are things to do here!).  There are also subsidies available toward health care premiums.

Funded (by teaching) MA at UMaryland – Jan 15, We have five funded teaching assistantships, which provide tuition remission and a living expense stipend (amount unlisted). Our TAs take three courses a semester while assisting in discussion sections of an undergraduate course taught in English. “Our stipends for funded first-year MA students in our program is ca. $19,000 and for second-year MA students is ca. $19,500. Full medical coverage is included and in non-COVID times there are opportunities for free trips to Europe for our TAs for our study abroad programs. Except for our Pellegri Fellow (who gets a semester off from TAing to work on a research project), our funded MA students TA one course per semester. They serve as leaders of discussion sections and graders for our larger courses. The number of students they teach can differ, but it’s never more than 75 per semester.” – Prof. Alder via Twitter (Rob Santucci, a program alum now PhDing recommends)

Funded MA at U Cinncinnati – Jan 15 “offers to successful applicants full funding and tuition waiver for two years (MA), or six to seven years (PhD, depending on whether they enter with or without an MA). The funding is not based on teaching, although the program does offer students ample opportunity to teach. We are primarily a PhD granting program, but we also have MA programs. We do consider applicants on individual basis and accept those who need a bridge to the PhD, especially if they are from traditionally underrepresented groups.” – Prof. Markovich via email, feel free to contact him.

Funded MA at Indiana U – Jan 15. Some teaching, some fellowships: packages vary.

Funded MA at U Missouri – Jan 15, “The MA degree in Ancient Mediterranean Studies includes three main areas (Languages and Literatures; Archaeology; Arts and Humanities). Graduate funding packages vary depending on the track, but usually combine teaching assistantships, research assistantships, and fellowships from departmental, school or university sources. For Fall 2021 we are specifically advertising up to three MA positions available in the Archaeology track, fully funded through graduate fellowships that come with stipend (the current minimum is $16,389), tuition and health benefits, and no teaching obligations. Students from underrepresented backgrounds are strongly encouraged to apply. “ – Prof. Mogetta via Email, who is also happy to be contacted directly

Funded MA at the University of Victoria (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada):  funding through a combination of scholarships and teaching assistant work.  Rolling deadline but for financial support the deadline is February 1.  2 year MA with funding through the intermediary summer semester.  We welcome international students and we are accepting applications for September 2021.

Funded (by teaching) MA at U New Mexico – Feb 1, teaching two courses a semester, stipend level unclear. No more than two weeks sick leave before pay reduction. Program recommended by Sarah Keith of UMich on twitter.

Funded MA at Tulane – February 1, Funding level(s) not on website. “We generally accept two students per year, who receive tuition, stipend, and health benefits while working as TAs for one class each semester. It depends on the class and level; largest would be 35-40 students. Our TAs help with grading, hold occasional office hours, and might lead a lecture or discussion once or twice a semester (they do not lead regular discussion sections, etc.). We try very hard not to exploit our students and to use the TA-ships as additional preparation for them.” – Prof. Emmerson via Twitter

Funded (by teaching) MA at Oregon – February 1

Funded MAs at Rutgers – Feb 15 app deadline, The two-year fellowships include tuition remission and an annual stipend of $25,000.

Funded (by teaching!) MA at Arizona – Feb 15

Bridge to Doctorate Fellowships at UVa – March 1 app deadline, Students will receive $24,000 per year in living support and full payment of their tuition, fees and single-person coverage in the University’s student health insurance plan for a period of two years.

Funded Bridge MA in Classics, Cornell – March 1, 2021, two summers and two semesters of funding, with a summer matriculation (June 1). Housing on campus will be provided for the first summer (June 1-August 15). Funding level(s) not on website.

Funded (through teaching) MA at Texas Tech – deadline not on website. Funding level(s) and teaching load not on website.

Funded (mostly? through teaching) MA at UMinnesota – NOT accepting applications for fall 2021 [pandemics suck!]

Woman and Funeral Pyre

“Terracotta lid of a sarcophagus showing a corpse being carried to the pyre; found near Torre dei Conti (near Rome). 3rd century CE Rome: Capitoline Museum. Credits: Ann Raia, 2005” Source.

The representation of the woman (behind?) The pyre reminded me of representations of the Tarpeia.

Slightly higher res detail from Identified there as representing Meleager Myth and dated late 2nd Cent. CE.

Evil Eye Gem(s?)

Thinking about the evil eye in Roman culture for some lesson planning last night and this am. I came across these two impressions of ancient intaglios. One is said to have been taken in the 18th century in the Florentine Museum. The other is reported as taken from the Sammlung Stosch, W Cl VII 0127 = Staatliche Museen, Antikensammlung Berlin, Berlin, Deutschland, Inv.-Nr. FG 9722. The Florentine is said to be cut from the root of emerald. The Berlin intaglio is catalogued as a glass paste. Was the Berlin glasspaste made from the Florentine gem? Is the Florentine intaglio really another glass paste (I’m not sure what root of emerald means) made from the same mold as the Berlin example? Were glass pastes ever made as ‘fakes’ in the early modern period? Could the Berlin version be such?

Beazley archive image
Arachne image

A round up other evil eye iconography:
Mosaic from the House of the Evil Eye, Antioch, Syria. Via Sarah Bond’s Blog.
Detail of mosaic in Capitoline Museum found in Villa Casali (1889) inscribed: INTRANTIBUS HIC DEOS PROPITIOS ET BASILIC(AE) HILARIANAE. Arachne entry.
“An #apotropaic carving, Leptis Magna, Libya. A potent protective image: a centaur with a large phallus, phallic nose and trident, aided by a bird, snake and scorpion, attacks an ‘evil eye’. The meaning of MAL ER is debated” via Twitter. The Arachne entry says it is from the theatre at Homs, Libya.
Another example from Leptis Magna. Arachne entry.

Not a “brothel sign” but another example of an apotropaic carving from Leptis Magna.

Pendant in John Hopkins Museum. CF. BM 1814,0704.1172.
From Farone 2013
From Same.
Also called the Woburn relief and said to be in Woburn Abbey collection. From Same.

Nora Hoard – a possible votive deposit of Romano-Campanan coins from Sardinia

Deposited c. 230-225 BCE

Just reading Gorini’s admirable write up! V nice to have an archaeological context! I agree with his historical framing and lean strongly to his interpretation of it as possibly votive but not likely constitutionally foundational in anyway.

Giovanni Gorini’s A new hoard of Romano-Campanian coins from Nora (Sardinia) , in Studies in ancient coinage in honour of Andrew Burnett, R.Bland, D.Calomino eds. London 2015, pp. 31- 40

Note to self: Discussed in Jaia and Molinari 2020/2021 “The Carbognano Hoard” citing

Bonetto J., Falezza G. 2009, Scenari di romanizzazione a Nora: un deposito di fondazione e un deposito votivo per la costituzione della Provincia Sardinia et Corsica, «Sardinia Corsica et Baleares Antiquae», VII, 81-100.

Hair Grabbing Iconography

“Bronze mirror cover (16.2 cm diameter) showing a Greek warrior and a fallen Amazon, perhaps intended as Achilles and Penthesilea: ca. 375 BC. Provenance lacking prior to 1898. Image: State Hermitage Museum (ГР-7245)” via Twitter.

Earlier precedent for iconography seen in the Claudius and Britannia relief from Aphrodisias:

Any one want to remind me of coins with hair grabbing scenes?

Potentially relevant bibliography on hair grabbing (thx to Dr. Draycott for bringing to my attn!):

Aldhouse-Green, M. J. 2004. Crowning glories: languages of hair in later prehistoric Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 70 (Decemb), pp. 299-325.

Aldhouse‐Green, M. (2004), Chaining and shaming: images of defeat, from Llyn Cerrig Bach to Sarmitzegetusa. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 23: 319-340. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0092.2004.00214.x