Papius’ Pairs

See Crawford 1974: LXVI and LXVII for drawings of symbols by Erica Mattingly.

Like so much of this blog this is a work in progress.

Cr. S. 178 – CCXLVI

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Crawford identified 211 pairs, so far I’ve documented at least 4 additional pairs.  It is likely based on this one pair–the only one known to date to have a number rather than a symbol pair–that there are at least 246 in the series.

“Natural Pairs”

Peahen and Peacock (Cr. S. 180)Capture.JPG

Different Specimen

Egg and Bird (Cr. S. 43)

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Butterfly and Fly (Cr. S. 15)

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Different specimens in trade: 1, 2, 3,

Crab and Small Fish (Cr. S. 26)

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Cock Tail Feather and Peacock Tail Feather (Cr. S. 44)

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Empty Sea Shells (Cr. S. 88)

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Foreparts of Lion (?) and Bull (Cr. S. 64)

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Same Specimen, Different Sale,

BnF Specimen,

Star and Crescent (Cr. S. 182)

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ANS specimen,

Ear of Grain and Grasshopper (Locust) (Cr. S. 167)

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Different Specimen,

Sole of Right Foot and Right Hand Holding Stylus (Ways to Leave One’s Mark?) (Cr. S. 47)

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Crocodile and Hippopotamus, Nilotic Animals (Cr. S. 29)

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Crawford lists reverse animal as a pig.

Paired Attributes, Mythological and Divine

Amazon Shield and Axe (Cr. S. 121)

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Same coin different sales: sale 1, sale 2,

Different specimens in trade: 1,

Harpa and Head of Sea Serpent (Perseus’ rescue of Andromeda) (Cr. S. 59)

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BnF Specimen, Vienna Specimen,

Different specimens in trade: 1,

Snake and Weasel (mongoose), folk tale motif (Cr. S. 122)

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Different specimens in trade: 1,

Awl (?) and Deformed Foot, Oepidus Myth(?) (Cr. S. 93)

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Notice the wound mark (scar) on the ankle joint.

Cornucopia and Grapes, Harvest Symbols, maybe Father Liber or related Divinity? (Cr. S. 25)

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ANS specimen,

Silphium and Two Ears of Grain, attributes of Cyrene  (Cr. S. n/a)

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Trident and Dolphin, attributes of Neptune (Cr. S. 104)

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Different specimens in trade: 1,

Caduceus and Wing (Cr. S. 151)

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Same specimen different sales: 1,

Arrow and Club, Weapons of Hercules (Cr. S. 160)

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Lotus and Poppy, attributes of Isis-Ceres (syncretic alignment) (Cr. S. 71)

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Torch and Deer Head, attributes of Artemis (Cr. S. 144)

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Different specimens in trade: 1,

Bucket (type uncertain?) and Wineskin, Dionysiac Attributes (Cr. S. 12)

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Crawford thought it was a piece of meat and a cooking pot.  Wineskin neck makes identification secure, but obv. symbol not obvious.  Are there two strings coming out of the bottom of the bucket?  Wineskins are traditionally associated with Silenus or Marsyas.

Patera and Rhyton, attributes of the Lares (Cr. S. 33)

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Everyday Objects

Amphora and Hydra(?) (Cr. S. 2)

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same coin other sales: sale 1, sale 2, sale 3, sale 4, sale 5,

Two types of transport amphora (Cr. S. 1)

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Same specimen: different sale, another sale,

Different specimens in trade: 1, 2,

‘Sack’ (?) and ‘Aryballos’ (?) (Cr. S. 49)

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Crawford lists rev. mark as ‘water bottle’.

Different Specimen,

Uncertain Vessels, but Cf. Above (Cr. S. 108)

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Open mouth Jar (Dolium?) and Necked Handled Vessel (Hydra?) (Cr. S. 10)

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Different specimens in trade: 1 (earlier sale),

Scythe and Basket (Harvest Implements) (Cr. S. 90)

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BnF Specimen,

Other specimens in trade: 1,

Sambuca (Harp) and Pandura (?) (Stringed Instrument) (Cr. S. 58)

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Different Specimens in Trade: 1, 2,

Flutes and Pan Pipes (Cr. S. 46)

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Lyre and “Lyre Key” (= Plectrum) (Cr. S. 127)

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Lyre-key is a numismatic word not used by other scholars of the ancient world; it seems likely numismatists mean a plectrum by this phrase.

Seal Ring and Scroll (Cr. S. 82)

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Cambridge Specimen,

Stylus and Right Hand (Cr. S. 159)

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Oil-Flask and Strigil  (Cr. S. 111)

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Crawford thinks obv. mark a lantern.

ANS Specimen, 2nd ANS Specimen, BnF Specimen, Cambridge Specimen,

Oil Jar and Oil Lamp (Cr. S. 109)

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Two Oil Lamps (Cr. S. 32)

Lot Sale, No Image

Comb (?) and Hair Pin (?)  (Cr. S. 22)

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Different specimens in trade: 1,

Pin (spatula?) and Tweezers, Cosmetic Tools (?) (Cr. S. 203)

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Distaff and Reels (?) (Cr. S. 37)

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Square (? Measuring Device?) and Plane, Carpentry Tools (Cr. S. 181)

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ANS Specimen, BnF Specimen,

Butcher‘s Block and Knife (Cr. S. 105)

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Cambridge Specimen, Other Specimens In Trade: 1,

Further comparative iconography: Abruzzo relief (details),

Portion of a Fish, Whole Fish (Products of the Fish-Monger?) (Cr. S. 39)

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Crawford thinks obv. mark a fat fish.

Different Specimens in trade: 1, 2,

Squash and Bean, Vegetable Staple Foods (Cr. S. 169)

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BnF Specimen,

Cooking Pot and Three Hooked Hanger (Cr. S. 13)

 

Tanner’s Knife and Scraper (Implements for turning hides to leather) (Cr. S. 85)

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BnF Specimen, Other Specimen’s in Trade: 1,

Tongs and Hammer (?), Forge Implements (Cr. S. 205)

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Different specimens in trade: 1,

Furnace and Cupel, Implements for Refining Precious Metals (Cr. S. 24)

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Compass and Peg and Cord (?), implements of the architect (Cr. S. 204)

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Comparative Iconography: Funerary relief of Lucius Alfius Statius

Shoe and Sandal (Cr. S. 84)

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Same Specimen Different Sale,

Different specimens in trade: 1, 2,

Aplustre and Prow Stem (Cr. S. 134)

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Same Specimen different sales: 1, 2,

Different Specimens in Trade: 1, 2, 3, 4,

Doric Capital and Ionic Capital (Cr. S. 211)

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Fluted Column Base and Corinthian Column (Cr. S. 21)

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Spur and “Nose Bag”, horse equipment (Cr. S. 95)

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Ceremonial Objects, Political and/or Religious

Voting Ballot and Urn (Cr. S. 101)

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Different Specimen

Wreath and Lituus, attributes of the Augur (Cr. S. 117)

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Different specimens in trade: 1,

Arms and Armor, Military Symbols

Helmet and Round Shield (Cr. S. n/a)

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eagle and legionary standard (?) (Cr. S. n/a)

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dagger(?) and club(?) (cf. Cr. S. 203?)

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Uncertain

Cr. S. 16

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Catalogue suggests candelabra and fireplace insert.  Obv. similar to standard.

Other Specimens in Trade: 1,

Cr. S. 96

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Different Specimen (with even better photo!)

Cr. S. 20

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Comparative Iconography: 1,

Coin in Lot Sale image too small to make out marks

“Pump and Pail with Cup Attached” (Cr S. 81)

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Different specimens in trade: 1,

Cr. S. n/a

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Cr. S. 52, Basin (?) and Shoe

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The uncertainty here is less the objects and more how and why they are a pair.

“Spatula and Medical Case” (Cr. S. 142)

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Cr. S. 172

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Cr. S. 208

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Cr. S. 155

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Imitations

Example 1