Mars and Venus? (RRC 14/2)


Rejecting Crawford’s identification (Minerva/Goddess) and going with Haeberlin‘s Mars and Venus (followed by Thomson), has a big implications.  Perhaps for the historian most importantly it pushes the evidence for the synchronized foundation legends (Romulus and Aeneas) further in the past.

I think I’m ready to abandon Crawford’s vision for Thomson.  Specimens are really worn, but the defining characteristic of Minerva/Athena is her hair as a marker of gender, BUT there is no hair on pretty much any specimen photographs I’ve seen so far.  They are all worn and soapy but surely one would preserve this detail if it were there.  Above I highlight in yellow the neck guard of the helmet which might be mistaken for hair.

RRC 14/2

Haeberlin‘s plate:


It also means re thinking some of the other “Minerva” ‘s  on early aes grave semisses.

RRC 21/2

RRC 25/5

RRC 27/6

I think Crawford is wrong and all of these are Mars. Yikes.

3 thoughts on “Mars and Venus? (RRC 14/2)”

    1. Nope. I will probably footnote it in a forthcoming piece on the weight standards of RRC 14 and 18 for the edited volume on the Long Fourth Century, likely to appear with Princeton UP some time in the distant future. I may try to also sneak in a footnote into my ANS-CUP book manuscript before final publication.

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