Types of the First Punic War?!



Most of the Carthaginian Elephants were captured by the Romans in Sicily (Polybius 1.19.11)

the whole island was said to be sacred to Demeter and Kore (Diod. 5.2.3; Cic. Verr. 2.4.106)

Pigs are symbolic of the worship of Demeter… (Ovid, Fasti 4.465-6 cf. RRC 342/3)

Sicilo-Punic Reverse Type from time of 1st Punic War:


RRC 4/1


This helps explain the common metallurgical profile of these bars and other bars with Naval imagery that are strongly associated with the 1st Punic War…..