Whose chair is that?


RRC 428 feels pretty well explained by Crawford.  The one point I can’t wrap my head around is what the curule chair is doing on the coin.  As far as I can make out, one only gets the chair with imperium.  Vestals get lictors, but those are the special religious kind (lictores curiati) which had no fasces and no axes.  The other logical explanation would be the chair of L. Cassius Longinus Ravilla (cos. 127) who re-tried the three delinquent Virgins.  BUT, he was appointed to hold the quaestio by the people at the instigation of a tribune of the plebs (so Ascon. 46C), so he shouldn’t have had any imperium and certainly not a curule chair!

Lake Regillus Iconography

Capture.JPGI  was beginning to write something along the party line that RRC 335/9 refers to the battle of lake Regillus and A. Postumius Albus’ throwing a standard among the enemy.  And may be does.  Florus Writes:

A battle was fought at Lake Regillus, for a long time with shifting fortunes, until Postumius, the dictator, himself adopted the new and remarkable stratagem of hurling a standard among the enemy, in order that it might be recovered. 3 Cossus, the master of the horse,  ordered the cavalry to discard their bits — another new device — in order that they might charge with greater vigour. 4 So desperate was the fight at last that a tradition has been handed down that gods were present as spectators. Two young men on white horses sped over the battle-field like stars across the heavens; and no one doubted that they were Castor and Pollux. The Roman commander, therefore, himself prayed to them and, bargaining for victory, promised them a temple, and carried out his promise as though in payment to the gods who were his comrades in arms.

But on the above specimen, that looks a great deal like a falcata in the defeated enemy’s hands.   And the so called standards don’t look much like other representations of standards.  On some specimens the top ‘standard’ looks more like a helmet:


Standard iconography is seen elsewhere on the republican series

RRC 365 doesn’t look similar at all.

But 437 does bear some resemblance.

The falcata look alike is probably a fluke.

This is not my Eidolon pitch on parenting.

This is 1 hour and 58 minutes until 5 pm.

This explaining at every conference that being a professor and a parent of twins isn’t terrible because my husband is full time parent.

Then its explaining this is a choice.

“No, I don’t think he’s going to go back to work when the kids go to school.”

(Did your parents? His mom didn’t.)

“How does he like it?  It’s hard.  It’s hard on our finances. It’s hard for him not to have his own intellectual endeavor out of the house.”

“Why yes working from home is more challenging under those circumstances.”

“Yes, I still cook.”

Can we talk about research now please….?

1 hour and 55 minutes until 5pm.

5 pm when I turn back into a parent.

Organization Crisis

I don’t have writer’s block. I haven’t really since I started this blog.  Good thing.  I used to hate to write.  Now it is a happy place.   I’ve got a new problem.  I can’t find an organizational structure that lets me be concise.  My instincts towards completeness keep driving up my word count.  I need 40,000 words.  50,000 MAX.    That seems impossible.   The file I have now that is supposed to be my short version with just four chapters is already at 11,000 and I’m not done with chapter 1, not by half.  This is a structure problem.   I need some framework that lets me know what NOT to include.  Something that lets me throw out the damn kitchen sink if it is stopping me from building the house.

My strategy for fixing this problem is first to write about it here.  (Better than moaning and avoiding and feeling sorry for myself)  It is an intellectual challenge after all. And then second, to look at other writer’s short organizational principles.

Right now I found the hard copy version of this on my bookself:


So how could I imitate that?

Coins and the Economy

Coins and Exempla

Coins and Empire

Coins and the Enemy






These are no-chronological but hell chronology hasn’t been working for me.  Let’s play these out a little further.


what motivates the state to strike?

At first she doesn’t!

Early State expenditures – Via Appia? and Aes Grave with the Maritime Defense Network

Distribution of Booty – Currency bars, Gold Donatives

S.C. issues – Caepio Piso and Faustus

Small Change Problem, Bay of Naples

when does coinage change?

spendibility, you make what is familiar to those you pay!

debasement lower weight standards of the quadrigati –> introduction of denarius (c. 211BCE)

Retariffing and new accounting Systems, correlated to increased creativity in the designs (c. 140s BCE)

is quantification possible?

Old debate: dies-to-coins

Lockyear’s different approach


Juno Moneta and the importance of exempla in Roman Culture

Our Myths,Their History – Numa, Brutus

individuals, families, and the state

Minucii, Marcii, Aemilii, Marcell(in)us

Wait a second… that’s not really true…

a god-given empire and the ‘just’ war

Wolf and Twins, Roma, Genio Pop Rom,

Appropriating symbols of the enemy: falcata, torque, elephant, kneeling barbarian, Macedonian shield



who revolts and why

Capua during Hannibalic War, Social War, Sicilian Slave Rebellion

the enemy within?

Sulla and the Marians

The dominance of Pompey

responding to rebellion

Conquering by a place? Sicily, Spain, etc…

After Catiline, coins of 62 BCE

Rejecting Autocracy 75 coins and broken diadem imagery in late 50s


Manpower: recruitment and colonization: Narbo, Quinarii

Popular Politics

Grain refs, Ludi refs, Voting Refs


did anyone ever look at the coins?

when to question the dates assigned to coins

how to find relevant evidence for your own work


Hmm.  Okay enough time outlining on the blog.  I’m still pessimistic but less so.