On the Bronze coins of Amisos from the time of Mithridates, I think it likely that the winged bust of a youth is Hermes (Mercury). On the coins of Amisos of this period the obverse and reverse are closely thematically tied one to another (Eros/Quiver, Perseus/harpa or pegasus, Dionysus/Cista Mystica, Athena/Perseus slaying Medusa, Herakles club and quiver, Amazon (?) in a leather persian cap/quiver and un strung bow, Artemis/tripod, etc…).
Hermes gave the Dioscuri their horses and is the bringer of good fortune (i.e. horn of plenty) the literary testimony is slim but solid. Which in turn made me thing about RRC 14/1 and RRC 25/4 in the aes grave series!
Or how I lost sometime today. Here’s the digitization.
Here are the images that caught my eye for various reasons. The first is the specimen now in Berlin that sparked my interest for its mention in Dardenay 2008.
And from this old catalogue I learned it had a friend and both were purchased in Rome. COMVNIS is a pretty common inscription because it seems to have been the name of potter(y). The stamp usage is tracked by The Roman Economy Project on fineware, but the name turns up lots of examples on vessels, especially lamps, in Clauss Slaby Database. (Scholarship on the possible connection.) The gem may just be testimony to another use of the same name. It clearly derives from the coin (RRC 235/1). With the tree rendering, but also connects with intaglios of the last post. Below the V.F.S. would usually stand for vivus fecit sibi. “He made for himself while living” common on funerary monuments, but unless this was made as a tomb offering that’s nonsensical as a resolution. Vibi filius Spurius, Spurius, son of Vibius would also work.
Notice the head is rendered differently one wears a turreted crown and the other a helmet. I am inclined to see both as personifications of Roma.
That head in the field needs more thinking about especially in relationship to the Medici sard recorded in Gori with three heads and other symbols.
E39 is just a nice typical shepherd with wolf and twins. E35 Below is a type much discussed by Alfoldi 1950 in relationship to RRC 398/1. He interprets the scene as one of Rhea Silva.
And here we have yet another instance of the Crepereii’s Goddess
For good measure we should always have some elephant scalp personifications of Africa, though I’m not sure I’ve seen it in cameo before…
And this sow and shrine reminded me for all the world of the Ara Pacis relief:
Finally I wanted to think about gems with this type of design as they relate to RRC 401/1, there are better parallels for the type which I’ve discussed earlier, but nonetheless good to think with.
Chabouillet, Anatole. Catalogue général et raisonné des camées et pierres gravées de la Bibliothèque impériale. Paris : 1858, n°1531.
I think it likely by the by that this gem was originally in the Medici collection based on Gori’s illustrations.
Most of the trees on the intaglios are leafy and bear no visual relationship to RRC 235/1.
Notice also that the tree has a bird in it. The catalogue says a woodpecker but this is a stretch of an assertion. I’ve been obsessed by the bird question before.
This is by far the closest visual parallel I’ve found. And interestingly it provides a parallel also for the head on this Sard in the Etruscan style for the BM (1814,0704.1319).
wolf and twins
This tetradrachm is dated CY 152 (108/7 BC). Notice that Victory on the reverse is holding an aplustre (= stern decoration). A rather fitting emblem for an island mint (modern Arwad):
Right. Must stop seeing stuff and get back to emails and journal article revisions… But right before that here is yet another example that should have been mentioned in my article on RRC 242 and RRC 243 on the Minucii to bolster my argument for the iconography of the priesthood being a patera and knife and particularly the shape of said knife.
I got thinking about RRC 423/1 because of the preceding post. I wanted to recall other images of Romans facing Romans. As I was browsing the CRRO entry (linked in last sentence), I noticed a few specimens with crossed swords. Crawford notice this as well: “On one reverse die the soldiers are crossing swords (Bologna, Cat. 367)”.
Besides the one in trade illustrated above, I spotted one in Paris and one in the BM 2002,0102.4306 (why oh why do they not yet have stable URLs?!).
Didn’t bother to check whether they are all the same die. I wonder if this crossed sword interpretation might help us think about what the design means. I have often thought it might represent an oath scene or some sort…